Orthodox Christians and Hindus least criminal in Canada, Muslims score in third place

Non-Christian prison chaplains chopped by Ottawa
CBC News Posted: Oct 4, 2012 6:21 PM PT Last Updated: Oct 4, 2012 7:25 PM PT

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Reaction to non-Christian chaplains being cut from federal prisons

The federal government is cancelling the contracts of non-Christian chaplains at federal prisons, CBC News has learned.

Inmates of other faiths, such as Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jews, will be expected to turn to Christian prison chaplains for religious counsel and guidance, according to the office of Public Safety Minister Vic Toews, who is also responsible for Canada’s penitentiaries.

Toews made headlines in September when he ordered the cancellation of a tender issued for a Wiccan priest for federal prisons in B.C.

Toews said he wasn’t convinced part-time chaplains from other religions were an appropriate use of taxpayer money and that he would review the policy.

In an email to CBC News, Toews’ office says that as a result of the review, the part-time non-Christian chaplains will be let go and the remaining full-time chaplains in prisons will now provide interfaith services and counselling to all inmates.

“The minister strongly supports the freedom of religion for all Canadians, including prisoners,” the email states. “However, the government … is not in the business of picking and choosing which religions will be given preferential status through government funding. The minister has concluded … chaplains employed by Corrections Canada must provide services to inmates of all faiths.”
57% of inmates Christian

There were nearly 23,000 inmates in federal custody in 2011 and a large majority of them identified themselves as Christian:
37.5% are Catholic.
19.5% are Protestant.
4.5% are Muslim.

4% First Nations spirituality
2% are Buddhist.
fewer than 1% are Jewish.
fewer than 1% are Sikh.

Figures obtained by CBC News show that before the contract cancellations — which will take effect by the end of March 2013 — 71 are Christian and two are non-Christian. There are about 100 part-time chaplains, 20 of them non-Christian.

The total cost of the chaplain program is about $6.4 million a year and it’s not clear what amount will be saved by the cancellations.
Chaplains concerned

The decision has raised concern among representatives of non-Christian faiths, such as B.C. Sikh chaplain Harkirat Singh.

“I believe this is discrimination,” Singh said. “How can a Christian chaplain provide spirituality to the Sikh faith, because they don’t have that expertise.”
Rabbi Dina-Hasida Mercy counsels prisoners and said she is concerned about how they will react to the government decision. (CBC)

Rabbi Dina-Hasida Mercy called the cancellations “un-Canadian” and said she was concerned about the inmates she counsels.

“My first reaction is, ‘What am I going to tell the guys that I see,’” Mercy said. “These people are all going to be out on the street someday, and unless we do some work while they’re in prison to help them become good citizens when they’re on the outside, it’s not going to happen.”

Surrey Muslim Imam Aasim Rashid said he doubted that Christians could properly minister to Muslims.

“It’s not very practical and frankly I don’t even think it’s possible,” Rashid said. “I don’t think it’s been done yet anywhere where you have a person of one faith who is catering to the spiritual or religious needs of all the other faiths.”
Corrections and Clarifications
An earlier version of this story incorrectly reported that 88% of federal inmates were associated with Christian faiths.
Oct. 4, 2012 | 8:40 p.m. PT
An earlier version of this story attributed part of a quote to a ministry spokesperson that said Christian chaplains must provide services to inmates of all faiths. The quote should have not included the word “Christian.”
Oct. 5, 2012 | 2:35 p.m. PT
The precise number of chaplains have now been provided to the CBC Ombudsman by Julie Carmichael, Director of Communications in the Office of the Minister of Public Safety. The Ombudsman has provided those numbers to CBC News: ‘Of the full-time chaplains employed by CSC, 71 are Christian and two are non-Christian.’ An earlier version of the story had only approximate numbers.
Nov. 2, 2012 | 6 p.m. PT
With files from the CBC’s Eric Rankin

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